An obese person faces more health risks than a person of average size. Being overweight comes with annoying enough issues like difficulty finding clothes that fit and sometimes difficulty fitting into seats in places like airplanes and theaters. But more importantly, an obese person also is at much higher risk of life-threatening diseases like heart attack and stroke.
An obese person is generally someone more than 40 to 75 pounds overweight. A person is considered morbidly obese if they weigh 100 pounds or more than what they should. Both conditions come with higher health risks.
When you’re obese, your body is hauling more weight than it was designed to carry. This puts extra pressure on bones, muscles and joints. Imagine the difference between carrying a sack with 50 pounds of weight on your back compared to a sack with 5 pounds of weight. Now think about the burden that 50-pounder puts on your frame.
Because bones are strong and rugged, the extra weight takes its toll on the weakest part of your frame: the joints. Joints like hips, ankles and knees are at particular risk, because the weight of the entire upper body falls upon them.
Joints are naturally our bodies’ weakest spots because it is here where separate bone pieces come together. The knees are at particular risk for an obese person. The knee is a very complex joint that faces wear and tear with every single step we take.
When someone is obese, there’s much more pressure on the knees than normal. So each step puts twice, triple, sometimes four times the normal pressure on those joints. This causes the joints to wear out prematurely and is the reason heavy people often develop pain and abnormal knee conditions.
While hips joints and ankles are also at risk, it’s the knees that generally carry the brunt of the weight and absorb pressure, so this is where the injuries often appear first.
Aside from the extra weight on the frame and joints, all that extra weight puts pressure on the body’s systems too. First of all, large amounts of body fat don’t just show up on the outside. Fat tissue can form internally around organs.
Large amounts of body fat can actually crowd internal organs and put pressure against them. This pressure can cause the organs to start working differently, and can interfere with normal bodily functions.
Because the extra weight requires more work for the body to keep going, blood pressure is often elevated and the heart abnormally strained. This can be a factor in heart disease, heart attacks and strokes.
Also, the extra weight generally means that the person’s diet is poor and too high in calories. This is a major cause of diabetes, which can damage blood vessels, eyes and nerves.
In some cases, people may lose their eyesight or a foot or leg to diabetes because of poor circulation. The good news is that once an obese person starts losing weight, diabetes and other conditions can be reversed.
If you are obese there is hope, but you need to get cracking on eating right ant getting started on an exercise program. A lot of people have done this successfully. So can you!